Paraesthesia Definition: Causes Prevention and Treatment

Paraesthesia definition and its causes are being discussed here. You can also read about the treatment used for the cure of Paraesthesia.

Paraesthesia Definition 

Paraesthesia is a burning sensation in the feet. It happens when sustained pressure is applied to the nerve. A person feels like he is being pricked by pins and needles. A temporary symptom of Paraesthesia happens when a person sits too long with crossed legs or falls asleep with his arm under his head.  

Sometimes the blood flow is restricted in some parts of the body and a person feels like a prickly sensation on the same body part. A checkup is required to know whether it can be a serious problem not.

How harmful is Paraesthesia?

In most cases, it does not. Paraesthesia creates a weird feeling in your body. It happens because the blood flow in your body becomes less than regular times. 

Paraesthesia happened because anxiety could be a problem in your limbs and can show some bad effects on your hands/legs. 

Causes of Paraesthesia

If a person is having Paraesthesia, then there can be many reasons for the same. So one by one those is discussed below. 

  1. High Pressure of Peripheral nerves: If your peripheral nerve is bearing intense pressure, then you could be feeling the tingle sensation. 
  2. Nerve Damage:- If your nerves were damaged due to some injury, then it may alarm you by feeling you the needle prick sensations. 
  3. Some Other Nerve Damages:- Few problems where the central nervous system could get damaged and develops into Paraesthesia. 
  4. Malnutrition:- If a person’s diet is not a nourished one with all nutrients and minerals, then deficiency of nutrients could cause you Paraesthesia. 
  5. Dehydration: Not drinking enough water for a longer time could be a cause of nerve damage. 
  6. Alcoholism:- Some people who drink excess alcohol result in dehydration. 

Paraesthesia Risks and Prevention

Doing Activities that strain your Limbs 

Playing tennis, football or playing a musical instrument for too long can create nerve problems. If you do some intense work like this on a daily basis, then you are at high risk of Paraesthesia.

Not Having Proper Diet 

If someone does not eat properly, then he could be deficient in various minerals and nutrients in the body. These deficiencies can cause various diseases

Frequent Alcohol Consumption 

People who consume too much alcohol in their life, are likely to have more dehydration and deficient minerals in their bodies. Due to it, you could be developed into nerve damage. 

Vitamin B12 Deficiency 

A diet that is deficient in Vitamin B12 can lead to nerve problems. Always eat good and healthy food in your meals. The Vitamin B12 rich foods are 

  1. Non-veg food (Beef, liver & chicken).
  2. Fishes ( Salmon, Tuna fish, and Clams)
  3. Include cereals and lentils in your meals
  4. Cheese, yogurt, and Eggs

Symptoms of Paraesthesia

Paraesthesia has few symptoms and is divided into two types. 

  1. Paraesthesia is classified into two types i.e. acute and chronic. The acute is temporary and happens due to a few bad postures and goes away shortly.
  2. But the chronic is one that becomes a bigger problem. It needs medical attention. 
  3. In chronic Paraesthesia, people feel tingling in their limbs Certain itching and numbness can also be felt during the same time. 
  4. The person feels anxious, frequent urges to urinate and muscular spasms. 
  5. Sensitivity to touch. 

How is Paraesthesia detected

The detection of Paraesthesia is done by various methods to determine if it is a chronic Paraesthesia or not. 

  1. Patient history is examined and responds to pain and vibration. 
  2. Thermal senses,  muscle strength, and neurological tests are done to determine the problem.

Paraesthesia Treated

Few medicines and exercises are given. Daily lifestyles need to be changed during the treatment. There is an overview of how paraesthesia can be treated

  1. The patient must take rest and make some natural recovery. 
  2. Physical therapy is done in addition to medicines to relieve pain. 
  3. Acupuncture is a very popular therapy that is now used in western countries too. 

Acupuncture is an ancient therapy that pricks some needles on the nervous pathway to regulate the blood flow properly in the veins and thus relieves the pain and helps in recovery. 

In extreme cases of Paraesthesia, no therapy helps a person and he has to undergo surgery for betterment.  

Change of Lifestyle 

The doctor recommends a few things to be done daily for better recovery. These are 

  1. Drink enough water 
  2. Do not indulge in extreme physical work.
  3. Moderate exercises are helpful in it. 

Recommended Exercise 

Exercises are needed by a person to increase and regulate the blood flow during the problem. But extreme exercise can make the problem worse.

The doctor recommends moderate exercise like walking and jogging. Exercises that does low impact helps in Paraesthesia. 

Paresthesia Complications 

There are a few complications that can happen with a person with paresthesia. 

  1. Difficulty in grasping objects
  2. Lack of sensation or too much can be felt by the person. 
  3. Numbness can be spread in other body parts
  4. Impaired sensory perception can be seen

Commonly Asked Question about Paraesthesia

What are the common symptoms of Paraesthesia?

Paraesthesia is defined as an abnormal sensation in a body followed by numbness and tingles. It happens when a person sleeps in the wrong posture (hand under his head). This is known as acute Paraesthesia. 

If such tingles happen for a longer period and conditions go worse, then it is a sign of chronic Paraesthesia. This can result in traumatic nerve damage.

What is paresthesia anxiety

The reason behind paresthesia is not always pressured on your nerves. It can also be seen during anxiety attacks or panic attacks. This case is called paresthesia anxiety.  

Can paresthesia be treated permanently

Yes, it can be treated permanently based on its level. The reasons by which paresthesia has occurred will determine its permanent cure or reduction. 

A doctor examines the patient by its medical history and severity and then will provide you the current condition overview.  

What are the prevention measures of paresthesia 

Follow such simple tips to prevent paresthesia in your life. 

  1. Do not engage in too much physical work
  2. Take rest if your lifestyle is full of physical work and eat healthy for recovery. 
  3. If you sit for a longer period then you should take a walk often. 

How to calm my tingling sensation caused by paresthesia. 

It is simple to calm your tingling painful sensation.

  1. Change your body position and make a few laps of walking to a distance.
  2. Do not sit in the same position for a longer time. 
  3. Do not wear tight shoes and take a warm foot bath.  


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